Leprosy can affect the nerves, skin, eyes, and lining of the nose (nasal mucosa). With early diagnosis and treatment, the disease can be cured. People with leprosy can continue to work and lead an active life during and after treatment.
Leprosy was once feared as a highly contagious and devastating disease, but now we know it doesn’t spread easily and treatment is very effective. However, if left untreated, the nerve damage can result in crippling of hands and feet, paralysis, and blindness.
Non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are naturally occurring organisms. Most people who are exposed to these bacteria do not become sick. However, people who have a weakened immune system or other health conditions have an elevated risk of developing NTM lung disease.
Some people with NTM lung disease have no signs or symptoms, while others experience a severe cough, hemoptysis (coughing up blood), shortness of breath, fatigue, fever, night sweats and/or weight loss.
Sources: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institutes of Health, American Lung Association