A functional TOLLIP variant is associated with BCG-specific immune responses and tuberculosis

Shah, JA, Musvosi, M, Shey, M, Horne, DJ, Wells, RD, Peterson, GJ, Cox, JS, Daya, M, Hoal, EG, Lin, L, Gottardo, R, Hanekom, WA, Scriba, TJ, Hatherill, M, Hawn, TR

TOLLIP deficiency is associated with decreased BCG-specific T-cell responses and increased susceptibility to tuberculosis. We hypothesize that the heightened antibacterial monocyte responses after vaccination of TOLLIP-deficient infants are responsible for decreased BCG-specific T-cell responses. Activating TOLLIP may provide a novel adjuvant strategy for BCG vaccination.